Eingang zum VolltextHome | Suche | Browsen
Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgende|
Püschel, Gerhard ; Miura, Hisayuki ; Neuschäfer-Rube, Frank ; Jungermann, Kurt
Inhibition by the protein kinase C activator 4β-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate of the prostaglandin F₂α-mediated and noradrenaline-mediated but not glucagon-mediated activation of glycogenolysis in rat liver
Kurzfassung auf EnglischIn perfused rat livers, infusion of prostaglandin F₂α (PGF₂α) or noradrenaline increased glucose and lactate output and reduced flow. Glucagon increased glucose output and decreased lactate output without influence on flow. Infusion of phorbol 13-myristate 14-acetate (PMA) for 20 min prior to these stimuli strongly inhibited the metabolic and hemodynamic effects of noradrenaline, reduced the metabolic actions of PGF₂α but did not alter the effects of glucagon.
In isolated rat hepatocytes PGF₂α, noradrenaline and glucagon activated glycogen phosphorylase but only PGF₂α and noradrenaline increased intracellular inositol 1,4,5-1risphosphalc (InsP₃). The noradrenaline- or PGF₂α-elicited activation of glycogen phosphorylase and increase in InsP₃ were largely reduced after preincubation of the cells for 10 min with PMA, whereas the glucagon-mediated enzyme activation was not affected. In contra\t to PMA, the phorbol ester 4a-phorbol 13,14-didecanoate. which does not activate protein kinase C, did not attenuate the PGF₂α- and noradrenaline-elicited stimulation of glucose output, glycogen phosphorylase and InsP, formation. Stimulation of InsP₃ formation by AlF₄⁻, which activates phospholipase C independently of the receptor, was not attenuated by prior incubation with PMA.
Plasma membranes purified from isolated hepatocytes had both a high-capacity, low-affinity and a low-capacity, high-affinity binding site for PGF₂α. The Kd of the high-capacity, low-affinity binding site was close to the concentration of PGF₂α that increased glycogen phosphorylase activity halfmaximally. Binding to the high-capacity, low-affinity binding site was enhanced by guanosine 5'- 0-(3-thio)triphosphate (GTP[S]). This high-capacity, low-affinity site might thus represent the receptor. The Bmax and Kd of the high-capacity site, as well as the enhancement by GTP[S] of PGF₂α binding to this site, remained unaffected by PMA pretreatment.
It is concluded that, in hepatocytes, activation of protein kinase C by PMA interrupted the InsP₃-mediated signal pathway from PGF₂α via a PGF₂α receptor and phospholipase C to glycogen phosphorylase at a point distal of the receptor prior to phospholipase C.
Home | Leitlinien | Impressum | Haftungsausschluss | Statistik | Universitätsverlag | Universitätsbibliothek