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Lindenberger, Ulman ; Kliegl, Reinhold ; Bates, Paul B.
Professional expertise does not eliminate age differences in imagery-based memory performance during adulthood
Kurzfassung auf EnglischUsing a testing-the-limits paradigm, the authors investigated the modulation (attenuation) o f negative adult age differences in imagery-based memory performance as a function of professional expertise. Six older graphic designers, 6 normal older adults, 6 younger graphic design students, and 6 normal younger students participated in a 19-session program with a cued-recall variant of the Method of Loci. Older graphic designers attained higher levels o f mnemonic performance than normal older adults but were not able to reach younger adults' level of performance; a perfect separation of age groups was achieved. Spatial visualization was a good predictor of mnemonic performance. Results suggest that negative adult age differences in imagery-based memory are
attenuated but not eliminated by the advantages associated with criterion-relevant ability (talent) and experience.
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