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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-33472
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2009/3347/


Schiefele, Ulrich

The influence of topic interest, prior knowledge, and cognitive capabilities on text comprehension

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Kurzfassung auf Englisch

The present study investigated the influence of topic interest on the comprehension of texts. The primary goals of the study were as follows: (1) to formulate a new definition of the concept "topic interest", (2) to control for cognitive capabilities (intelligence, short-term memory) and prior knowledge, and(3) to assess different levels of comprehension. A total of 53 male students, majoring in computer science, took part in the study. Subjects were presented with a text on "Psychology of Emotion". Prior to reading the text, they were asked to indicate their level of interest in the topic. After reading the text, subjects were given a test of comprehension involving open-ended questions. The questions were designed to represent different levels of comprehension. The results show that the effect of topic interest on text comprehension is especially pronounced when a deeper level of understanding is required. Surprisingly, prior knowledge had no effect on the level of comprehension. Verbal intelligence, on the other hand, showed a clear effect on comprehension, especially in answering questions of simple knowledge. The effects of interest and verbal intelligence could be shown to be independent of one another.

Institut: Institut für Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Psychologie
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Schriftenreihe: Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8364
Band Nummer: paper 047
Quelle: Learning environments / J. M. Pieter; K. Breuer; P. R. J. Simons (Eds.). - Berlin : Springer, 1990. - S.323-338
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 1990
Publikationsdatum: 29.07.2009
Lizenz: Diese Nutzungsbedingung gilt nicht, wenn in den Metadaten eine modifizierende Lizenz genannt ist. Keine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht


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