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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-5865
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2005/586/


Heinken, Thilo

Migration of an annual myrmecochore : a four year experiment with Melampyrum pratense L.

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

A seed sowing experiment was conducted in a mixed secondary woodland on acidic soils in NE Germany with Melampyrum pratense, an annual ant-dispersed forest herb which lacks a natural population in the study area, but is abundant in similar habitats. Each set of 300 seeds was sown within one square metre at three sites in 1997, and the development of the populations was recorded from 1998 onward. Additionally, seed fall patterns were studied in a natural population by means of adhesive cardboard. All trials resulted in the recruitment of populations, which survived and increased in both individual number and area, up to the year 2001. Thus, local distribution of Melampyrum pratense is dispersallimited. Total individual number increased from 105 to 3,390, and total population area from 2.07 to 109.04 m². Migration occurred in all directions. Mean migration rate was 0.91 m per year, and the highest migration rate was 6.48 m. No individual was recorded beyond 7.63 m from the centres of the sawn squares after three years, suggesting exclusive short-distance dispersal. As primary dispersal enables only distances of up to 0.25 m, ants are presumed to be the main dispersal vectors. Despite differences in individual number and colonization patterns, migration rates did not differ significantly between the populations, but were significantly higher in 2001 due to an increased population size. Colonization patterns were characterized by a rapid, negative exponential decrease of population density with increasing distance from the sown plot, suggesting a colonization by establishment of more or less isolated outposts of individuals and a subsequent gradual infill of the gaps between. My results resemble myrmecochorous dispersal distances in temperate woodlands, and migration rates and patterns across ecotones from ancient to recent deciduous forests. They may function as a colonization model of Melampyrum pratense after accidental long-distance dispersal.

SWD-Schlagwörter: n.n.
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): artificial introduction , colonization , dispersal , myrmecochory , NE Germany , woodland herb
RVK - Regensburger Verbundklassifikation: WI 2050
Institut: Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Quelle: Plant ecology 170 (2004), 1, S. 55 - 72. - ISSN 1385-0237
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2004
Publikationsdatum: 07.10.2005


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