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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-57159
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2011/5715/


Boston, Marisa Ferrara ; Hale, John T. ; Vasishth, Shravan ; Kliegl, Reinhold

Parallel processing and sentence comprehension difficulty

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Eye fixation durations during normal reading correlate with processing difficulty but the specific cognitive mechanisms reflected in these measures are
not well understood. This study finds support in German readers’ eyefixations
for two distinct difficulty metrics: surprisal, which reflects the change in probabilities across syntactic analyses as new words are integrated, and retrieval, which quantifies comprehension difficulty in terms of working memory constraints. We examine the predictions of both metrics using a family of dependency parsers indexed by an upper limit on the number of candidate syntactic analyses they retain at successive words. Surprisal models all fixation measures and regression probability. By contrast, retrieval does not model any measure in serial processing. As more candidate analyses are considered in parallel at each word, retrieval can account for the same measures as surprisal. This pattern suggests an important role for ranked parallelism in theories of sentence comprehension.

Institut 1: Institut für Psychologie
Institut 2: Extern
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Schriftenreihe: Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8364
Bandnummer: paper 252
Quelle: Language and Cognitive Processes. - ISSN 0169-0965. - 26 (2011), 3 , S. 301-349
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2011
Publikationsdatum: 13.12.2011
Bemerkung: This is a preprint of an article whose final and definitive form has been published as:
Boston, Marisa Ferrara , Hale, John T. , Vasishth, Shravan and Kliegl, Reinhold(2011): Parallel processing and sentence comprehension difficulty, Language and Cognitive Processes, 26: 3, 301 — 349. - First published on: 17 January 2011 (iFirst)
DOI: 10.1080/01690965.2010.492228
2011 Psychology Press, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group
Lizenz: Diese Nutzungsbedingung gilt nicht, wenn in den Metadaten eine modifizierende Lizenz genannt ist. Keine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht


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