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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-56935
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2011/5693/


Risse, Sarah ; Kliegl, Reinhold

Adult age differences in the perceptual span during reading

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Following up on research suggesting an age-related reduction in the rightward extent of the perceptual span during reading (Rayner, Castelhano, & Yang, 2009), we compared old and young adults in an N+2-boundary paradigm in which a nonword preview of word N+2 or word N+2 itself is replaced by the target word once the eyes cross an invisible boundary located after word N. The intermediate word N+1 was always three letters long. Gaze durations on word N+2 were significantly shorter for identical than nonword N+2 preview both for young and for old adults with no significant difference in this preview benefit. Young adults, however, did modulate their gaze duration on word N more strongly than old adults in response to the difficulty of the parafoveal word N+1. Taken together, the results suggest a dissociation of preview benefit and parafoveal-on-foveal effect. Results are discussed in terms of age-related decline in resilience towards distributed processing while simultaneously
preserving the ability to integrate parafoveal information into foveal processing. As such, the present results relate to proposals of regulatory compensation strategies older adults use to secure an overall reading speed very similar to that of young adults.

Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): age differences, perceptual span, N+2-boundary paradigm, preview benefit, parafoveal-on-foveal effect, compensation strategies
Institut: Institut für Psychologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Schriftenreihe: Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Humanwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8364
Bandnummer: paper 241
Quelle: Psychology and Aging. - ISSN 0882-7974. - 26 (2011), 2 , S. 451-460
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2011
Publikationsdatum: 07.12.2011
Bemerkung: first published in:
Psychology and Aging (2011)
copyright. The American Psychological Association
This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
DOI:10.1037/a0021616
Lizenz: Diese Nutzungsbedingung gilt nicht, wenn in den Metadaten eine modifizierende Lizenz genannt ist. Keine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht


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