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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-46091
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/texte_eingeschraenkt_verlag/2010/4609/

Féry, Caroline ; Kügler, Frank

Pitch accent scaling on given, new and focused constituents in German

Dokument 1.pdf (943 KB)
Zugriffsbeschränkung: Universitätsverlag - eingeschränkter Zugriff

Kurzfassung in Englisch

The influence of information structure on tonal scaling in German is examined experimentally. Eighteen speakers uttered a total of 2277 sentences of the same syntactic structure, but with a varying number of constituents, word order and focus-given structure. The quantified results for German support findings for other Germanic languages that the scaling of high tones, and thus the entire melodic pattern, is influenced by information structure. Narrow focus raised the high tones of pitch accents, while givenness lowered them in prenuclear position and canceled them out postnuclearly. The effects of focus and givenness are calculated against all-new sentences as a baseline, which we expected to be characterized by downstep, a significantly lower scaling of high tones as compared to declination. The results further show that information structure alone cannot account for all variations. We therefore assume that dissimilatory tonal effects play a crucial role in the tonal scaling of German. The effects consist of final f0 drop, a steep fall from a raised high tone to the bottom line of the speaker, H-raising before a low tone, and H-lowering before a raised high tone. No correlation between word order and tone scaling could be established.
2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Contrastive stress , intonation
Institut: Institut für Linguistik / Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Quelle: Journal of phonetics. - 36 (2008), 4, S. 680 - 703, DOI: 10.1016/j.wocn.2008.05.001
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2008
Publikationsdatum: 27.08.2010
The article was originally published by Elsevier:
Journal of Phonetics. - 36 (2008), S. 680-703
ISSN 0095-4470
DOI 10.1016/j.wocn.2008.05.001
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