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URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-33747
URL: http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2009/3374/


Köchy, Martin

Effects of simulated daily precipitation patterns on annual plant populations depend on life stage and climatic region

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Background: To improve the understanding of consequences of climate change for annual plant communities, I used a detailed, grid-based model that simulates the effect of daily rainfall variability on individual plants in five climatic regions on a gradient from 100 to 800 mm mean annual precipitation (MAP). The model explicitly considers moisture storage in the soil. I manipulated daily rainfall variability by changing the daily mean rain (DMR, rain volume on rainy days averaged across years for each day of the year) by ± 20%. At the same time I adjusted intervals appropriately between rainy days for keeping the mean annual volume constant. In factorial combination with changing DMR I also changed MAP by ± 20%.

Results: Increasing MAP generally increased water availability, establishment, and peak shoot biomass. Increasing DMR increased the time that water was continuously available to plants in the upper 15 to 30 cm of the soil (longest wet period, LWP). The effect of DMR diminished with increasing humidity of the climate. An interaction between water availability and density-dependent germination increased the establishment of seedlings in the arid region, but in the more humid regions the establishment of seedlings decreased with increasing DMR. As plants matured, competition among individuals and their productivity increased, but the size of these effects decreased with the humidity of the regions. Therefore, peak shoot biomass generally increased with increasing DMR but the effect size diminished from the semiarid to the mesic Mediterranean region. Increasing DMR reduced via LWP the annual variability of biomass in the semiarid and dry Mediterranean regions.

Conclusion: More rainstorms (greater DMR) increased the recharge of soil water reservoirs in more arid sites with consequences for germination, establishment, productivity, and population persistence. The order of magnitudes of DMR and MAP overlapped partially so that their combined effect is important for projections of climate change effects on annual vegetation.

Institut: Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Naturwissenschaften
Dokumentart: c Postprint
Schriftenreihe: Postprints der Universität Potsdam : Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, ISSN 1866-8372
Bandnummer: paper 097
Quelle: BMC Ecology, 8 (2008) 4
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2008
Publikationsdatum: 05.08.2009
Bemerkung: The original publication is available at http://www.biomedcentral.com: BMC Ecology, 8 (2008) 4
DOI 10.118/1472-6785-8-4
Lizenz: Diese Nutzungsbedingung gilt nicht, wenn in den Metadaten eine modifizierende Lizenz genannt ist. Keine Nutzungslizenz vergeben - es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht


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